How to Treat Anxiety Naturally Generalised anxiety disorder can determine life and accompanies many people for a long time. How to Treat Anxiety Naturally, However, various methods can teach to grasp fear and lead an everyday life. Certain medications can also help How to Treat Anxiety Naturally. People with a generalized anxiety disorder (GAS) are not afraid of specific things or situations but fear everything possible. This is why one speaks of “generalized” fear. It is psychologically stressful and causes various physical symptoms such as drowsiness, muscle tension, or a racing heart. To be constantly afraid is very exhausting. However, multiple treatments can be used to reduce anxiety to a manageable level.
In contrast to other anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorder often does not appear until middle adulthood. You can get an anxiety disorder at any age.
What can I do on my own?
How to Treat Anxiety Naturally Many people with generalized anxiety disorder don’t even consider seeing a doctor first. They first try to get their fears under control themselves, for example, with the help of books and information on the Internet. Some learn relaxation techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training, or yoga. The effectiveness of such self-management strategies for anxiety disorders has not been well studied in studies. Relaxation techniques are often used as part of psychotherapy. How useful they are when they are used without any other aids is not yet known.
Some people resort to herbal tranquilizers such as valerian, lavender, or passionflower petals. These agents, too, have so far hardly been researched in studies. Many people assume that herbal medicines are better tolerated and safer than other medicines. However, they can certainly have side effects and, in some cases, influence the effectiveness of other drugs, kratocaps.
Self-treatment can mean that it takes a long time to seek professional help. When an anxiety disorder severely restricts everyday life, specific psychotherapies and medications can helpkratocaps.
What happens during psychotherapy?
CBT is not only beneficial for anxiety. It can also relieve other conditions, such as depression, associated with an anxiety disorder. The therapy requires a confrontation with one’s fears. However, the treatment itself can sometimes be stressful. In general, adverse effects of psychotherapy have not yet been well investigated in studies.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is offered by behavior therapists in the USA and covered by statutory health insurance. It usually consists of weekly sessions over several weeks or months. Cognitive-behavioral treatment consists of two parts: a “cognitive” function, which deals with thoughts and feelings, and deals with behavior.
The cognitive approach aims to change fear-inducing thought patterns by learning.
- To recognize and question unrealistic fears and worries,
- Assess the actual probabilities and consequences of fear triggers and
- Deal with uncertainty.
An example of frightening thought patterns is “catastrophic” thoughts, such as immediately drawing extreme, exaggerated conclusions about the extent of the supposedly impending disaster as soon as something disturbing happens. If such studies are recognized with the therapist’s help, one can better reduce them or deal with them. In this way, CBT ultimately helps you think more clearly and better control your thoughts.
The second part of the therapy is about gradually reducing fear in certain situations and changing behavior. In doing so, you face fear to overcome it slowly. For example, a working mother who keeps calling kindergarten to make sure her child is safe could gradually reduce the number of calls she made. The therapy also teaches what can help calm, such as breathing exercises or relaxation techniques to facilitate such behavioral changes.
Other psychotherapeutic approaches
The effectiveness of psychotherapies that are more concerned with the possible causes of anxiety, such as traumatic events in childhood, has not been well researched in people with generalized anxiety disorder. The few studies to compare with cognitive-behavior therapy point out that these “psychodynamic” therapies are less helpful than CBT.
What drug treatments are there?
Several drugs can be used to treat generalized anxiety disorder. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are often used.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
These drugs belong to the group of Antidepressants. They can alleviate symptoms of anxiety and help against depressive symptoms, which many sufferers also have to deal with.
It usually takes 2 to 6 weeks for SSRIs to have anti-anxiety effects. However, they only help a fraction of the people who take them. It may therefore be necessary to try several active ingredients. From the SSRI group, escitalopram and paroxetine have been well studied for people with generalized anxiety disorder and are approved in Germany.
If treatment with SSRIs improves, it is recommended that you continue taking the medication for another 6 to 12 months and then slowly reduce the dose. Studies suggest that the risk for oneRelapsethen is more negligible. However, some people find it challenging to take the medication permanently. One reason can be side effects, another: when you feel better, you tend to stop taking it quickly.
Possible side effects of SSRIs include nausea, insomnia, and sexual problems. For example, some people feel less inclined to have sex or do not have an orgasm. In men, ejaculation may be weaker or absent. Most people have no side effects.
In the case of insomnia or nausea, it can be difficult to tell whether the medication is the cause because these complaints are generally quite common. Often the body gets used to the active ingredients. Usually, side effects only occur in the first few weeks of use. Therefore, it can be worthwhile to wait and not stop the treatment immediately if a side effect becomes noticeable.
Several other drugs can be used for generalized anxiety disorder. However, many are usually only considered if treatment with SSRIs has not been successful or is not possible for specific reasons:
Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI): These include the active ingredients duloxetine and venlafaxine. They work in a similar way to SSRIs.
Pregabalin: This remedy is primarily used for nerve-related pain. However, it is also approved for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. The effectiveness of the drug has been proven in several studies. However, it often causes dizziness and fatigue.
Opipramol: Opipramol is an antidepressant, the effectiveness of which has only been poorly researched and is therefore only an option in exceptional cases.
Buspirone: This drug can relieve anxiety symptoms, but it has not been researched as other drugs. Therefore, it is usually only used if, for example, SSRIs are not working or are not tolerated. Possible side effects of buspirone include drowsiness, nausea, and insomnia.
Hydroxyzine: Also, this drug from the group ofAntihistamineslikely to relieve symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder. However, it is also less well researched than other remedies and is therefore rarely used.
Benzodiazepines: Benzodiazepines are sleeping pills and sedatives that also help relieve fears. They work quickly, but they can become addicting after just a few weeks. Therefore, these agents are not recommended for treating generalized anxiety disorder.
Active ingredients like imipramine from the tricyclic Antidepressantsor the neuroleptic quetiapine showed in studies an effect on generalized anxiety disorder. However, since there are practical and better-tolerated drugs with the SSRI, these drugs are not approved to treat the disease. Doctors only prescribe these drugs if all other treatments have not helped.
There are relatively few studies that have compared drugs directly with one another. The existing studies do not reveal any clear advantages for a specific active ingredient. Since not every drug works the same for everyone, it can be helpful to try different medicines.
Which treatment is suitable?
Whether you opt for psychotherapy or drug treatment has a lot to do with personal attitudes and needs. Appropriate psychotherapy can be very effective and help overcome anxiety. However, it requires a lot of initiative and strength, and you often have to wait longer for a therapy place. Depending on the personal situation and the severity of the disease, it can be helpful to take medication first. Sometimes it is only possible to begin psychotherapy when the symptoms have been alleviated somewhat by medication.
Some people don’t want one Antidepressantsbecause they fear becoming addicted. Do as opposed to certain pain relievers, sleeping pills, and sedativesAntidepressantsbut not dependent. Others find it a sign of weakness to take drugs to help them manage their problems. But there is no reason to be ashamed of taking medication for mental illness. To overcome deep fears, medication can be helpful and sometimes even necessary.
Whatever you decide, there are both medication and psychotherapy that can help you cope with a generalized anxiety disorder and get back to everyday life.
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